All you need to know about Freight Shipping

Posted by Oleksiy Melnyk

Whenever we come across the term freight, it is common to think about large cargo planes or large cargo ships and barges. However, the true ‘freight definition‘ is the charge that needs to be paid for the transportation of good by air, land or sea.

Freight Definition

Freight is generally associated with bulk transportation of goods. If you happen to be travelling by plane or train and have some luggage along with you, you will not use the term freight. In such cases, the term baggage cost may be used.

Freight definition is often confused with the term ‘shipping’, however, there is a difference between freight and shipping. The difference being that ‘Shipping’ is usually associated with small quantity of goods can be used for either commercial or personal purposes and can be associated with smaller vehicles like trucks, bike transport, etc. On the other hand, ‘freight’ is used for commercial purposes and large vehicles like ships and planes.

Common Information on Types Freight Shipping

Freight carriers are commonly used if the weight of the package is greater than 150 lbs. Freight carriers can either be LTL or FTL. If the package is not very bulky and can be transported along with other packages, then it will be an LTL freight carrier. On the other hand, if the package is very large and needs to be transported on its own, then FTL freight carriers are used. Freight Class is the National Motor Freight Classification (NMFC). It is the category of the freight as defined by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association. (NMFTA). While using such freight services, the weight of the package is required to be accurate. In addition to the weight, it is also necessary to provide the dimensions of the package. A term dimension weight is also used by freight carriers. Dimension Weight or “dim weight” is the amount of space the package occupies in relation to its weight. Weather you need LTL Shipping or FTL Shipping, Portkick will accomodate for all your needs. 

All about Freight Shipping Cost

Freight Definition

The most common method to determine the price is freight class. There are several rules and guidelines in the trucking industry for the classification of shipments. The factor that matters the most is shipment density. This is calculated like pounds per cubic foot (kg / m3).  

The class of the shipment also affects the cost and the lower the classification, the lower the cost. Products like steel and engine machinery have a lower classification, hence, they are less expensive to ship. Such items are also dense which contributes to their low classification as well. Fragile items will fall into a higher classification since they can be damaged easily.

Tips on keeping the cost low

  • It is a good idea to get sampling rates from several brokers prior to booking the freight. It may be a good idea to verify the licensing for the freight company too.
  • Special services may cost extra, and sometimes even more than the freight itself. It is necessary to be aware of such charges.
  • Beware of a charge for ‘liftage’. This is a service that assists the driver for loading and unloading.
  • Contact us

Freight Definition

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